Research for the Guardian reveals stop and search rates for black and Asian people doubled while the rate for white people rose only slightly.
Among black people the stop and search rate rose by 120% between 1999/2000 and 2009/2010, while for white people the increase was just 7% – from 1.5 to 1.6 per 1,000 citizens.
The figures come from research carried out for the Guardian by Oxford University criminologist Dr Ben Bradford to mark the 20th anniversary of the murder of Stephen Lawrence.
The research, based on analysis of official figures, reveals that the differing rates resulted in black and Asian people experiencing 1.478m “excess” searches in the decade after Macpherson. If white people had been stopped at the same rate as black people, police would have carried out 40m more stops in the 10-year period.
The figures show that 62,521 black, Asian or minority ethnic people were searched in 1999/2000, but 10 years on the total had risen to between 80,898 (self-assessed ethnicity) and 105,511 (officer assessed ethnicity, as used until 2007).
The full data on expected search rates if ethnicities were reversed is below.
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